Psychiatric Facility in Owińska

An abandoned psychiatric hospital in Owińska near Poznan – Psychiatric Facility in Owińska (in German. Provinzial-Irren-1887 became an zu Owinsk)

An abandoned psychiatric hospital in Owińska is the most known and identifiable object in the vicinity of Poznań. The name conjures up any minor urb-ex'u but also (Unfortunately,) every nastolatkowi. This hospital is great interest particularly because of its interesting and dark history. In spite of the, that you will not find here any items to the former for the Hospital nevertheless has a unique atmosphere and is worth a visit. The dark atmosphere of the buildings at some distance from the road, surrounded by trees in connection in the dark history of form blend that allows you to visit any lover of abandoned places. The State of the object as it usually happens with abandoned from year to year is getting worse. For a possible repair no more opportunities because you probably require a colossal financial expenditures. Not wiam also what is the legal status of this object and who possibly would be tempted for the renovation of the hospital.

opuszczonz_sypital_psychiatryczny_w_owinskach_14 One of the premises of the hospital in Owińska


In the year 1838 in Owińska near Poznan was founded public facility for the mentally ill. Work continuously to World War II. Its first Director was Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Beschorner, followed by a function that took Karl Wilhelm Werner. After a year of 1920 the first Director was Stanisław Górny (1886-1934), followed by the feature took over Marcin Zielinski. The plant in Owińska near was a year 1920 the only public institution for the entire province of Poznan and also one of the best in Germany. Question whether it is for a reason for pride Owińska? ;)

In the year 1880 It was expanded and the work of Heinrich oversaw Laehr. The hospital had 750 beds (with reference to 1911 year ). Plans for the hospital assumed to at the end of the year 30 revamp the Center and turn it with detencyjnego in on the nature of the medical and scientific. He also had to be a Polish Research Institute of Heredity.

Andra världskriget dessa hindras planer.. Alla patienter på sjukhuset och det var ca 1100 patienter mördades som en del av T4.. Around 100 patients patients of German descent has been moved to a hospital in Gniezno. Transports from other 1000 patients were sent in October and November 1939 year to Fort VII in Poznań, and then into the woods near the Manure from the Wielkopolska region. This time, the Nazis had wanted to try a new method of killing – poisonous gases, namely carbon monoxide. It also tested such improvements as gassing patients during transport. All this was intended to improve and enhance the effectiveness of killing people.

For the preparation and execution of the actions of extermination was directly responsible to SS-Untersturmführer Herbert Lange and his SS-Sonderkommando Lange. The formation of the Langa consisted of more than a dozen SS-men and dozens of gendarmes. The first euthanasia action SS-Sonderkommando Lange launched in October 1939 1939 and Provincial Department Psykiatrisk Owińska Oh Fort VII and Poznan..

So he mentions one former prisoner of Fort VII-A. Gardziński: "Iron doors closed and the cylinder gas wpuszczano. After 8 minutes of wołano prisoners. I myself was twice called to launch and load of corpses to the car. I loaded the first time around 50 corpses, among others. delay 8-year-old children, women and old men. The second time I finished not charging, Since the acquisition of passed out ... "

Extremely important in this action was the application of the first (testing) the gas chamber, for the purpose of mass gassing. For this purpose, [1] one of the bunkers of Fort VII, to which brought from the cylinders of carbon monoxide at the door. Iron Gates closed steel bars, (a) all holes and cracks with clay zaklejano. In the Interior of a gas chamber was about 50 people. Zwłoki zamordowanych pensjonariuszy grupa wyciągać więźniów z Fortu VII musiała stock, Inna zaś grupa zakopywała je w lesie koło Obornik.

In this way in Fort VII SS-Sonderkommando Lange zamordowało about 300 sick. The rest of the patients with another alternative are PKS gassed directly near the site of a mass burial. There were patients coming into a large, sealed car resembling furniture car, led tube to carbon monoxide from the cylinders mounted on the outside of the car. Beyond any doubt this action should be considered to be the first in the history of extermination with the use of the car the gas chamber. The lethal vehicle was designed and prepared for a common chassis trucks in the garages of the Gestapo in Poznań.

W Owińskach pacjentów Mordowanie gazem szpitala dało początek masowemu mordowaniu chorych z innych szpitali psychiatrycznych in zakładów opiekuńczych, in the end, while in the concentration camps and extermination camps.

SS-Sonderkommando Lange after the latter about 1.100 patients in Owińska they murdered them by the hospital patients in kościan, Gniezno, Kochanówce k. Boat and Guard. "Commando" borrowed "then by the SS and police commander in East Prussia killed patients from that area (action in działdowo), and in the years 1941-1944 It was used for the monstrous doomsday action ok. 250 thousand. Jews in the camp of immediate destruction in Chełmno nad Ner.

 galeria z obozu zagłady w Chełmnie nad Nerem < a href = "" > Gallery with camp in Chełmno on Ner

((Se vår < a href = "" > Gallery with camp in Chełmno on Ner )

This thread has been moved by James Małeckiego in the novel “Smuggler miracle”, one of the threads of this novel goes to another alternative are PKS, where it moves the theme of murder by nazistow children from the local Psychiatric Facility. Sick were exported to the equivalent article on the German forests, There have been rozstrzelane or Fort VII, where were aerated. Later there were trained the young adepts SS. Such actions have taken place not only in Owińska, There were also a psychiatric szpitaliach in Gniezno, in kościan, in Lodz and in gostynin as well as in Pomerania in Świecie nad Wisłą and Kocborowie in STAROGARD Gdański. The same fate met patients in nursing homes, for example, in houses in the Bojanowie. Germany routed not only ideological considerations, but it's also clear the needs of practical. Potrzebowali szpitali dla rannych żołnierzy, wyposażenia dla szkół nowo otwartych SS in innych instytucji.

Aktion T4 – organized mass killings in the Third Reich mentally and physically disabled children and adults, and patients in psychiatric hospitals and already unable to work or sick prisoners of concentration camps, które eufemistycznie określano mianem "eutanazji".

Nazwa pochodzi od nazwy "T4" willi the ulicy przy Tiergartenstraße 4 w Berlinie. W tym miejscu od 1940 Roku planowano program morderstwa.

From 1943 do stycznia 1945 na terenie zakładu znajdował się Arbeitslager Treskau. Podczas wojennych działań część została zniszczona kompleksu. After a year of 1952 until the 1993 in survivors after their farmhouse was completely renovated and adaptation to the Junior Company Tutorial. In the year 1994 the year it was moved to new buildings located in Poznań.

From 2006 He is a complex of buildings owned by the Poznan Silver Foundation Years. The Foundation acting in the name of bringing the history of a wider range of organizing time, so-called open door when you can visit the premises of an abandoned hospital.

Zapraszam do galerii zdjęć z Owińsk:

Photo Gallery of the hospital in Owińska of November 2007
Photo Gallery of the hospital in Owińska near March 2008

do artykułu oraz przeczytania powiązanego tematycznie z < a href = "" > Chełmna nad Nerem , tematem jest w tym wypadku wspólnym SS-Sonderkommando Lange.

Artykuł z dnia 27 April 2015

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